Trans Arterial Valve Implantation

by:FLOS     2020-04-22
The heart disease has become the leading cause of death. However, the trans arterial valve implantation is becoming an effective and a reproducible therapy for the heart diseases. This transplantation is designed to enable off-pump and truly minimally invasive treatment of aortic stenosis by means of retrograde transfemoral, transsubclavian or transaortic aortic valve implantation (AVI) or antegrade transapical AVI. The heart is a four chambered, hollow muscle and double acting pump located in the chest between the lungs. When you heart goes wrong, you have to undergo this tranplantation. The heart condition can be affected by high blood pressure contributes to hardening of the arteries. The trans arterial valve implantation can be available for the patients with contraindications to open heart surgery, old age, high surgical risk, severe comorbidities, or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Due to the advancement of the medical technology, this procedure will be done with high procedural success. It turns out that the superiority to medical management as well as non-inferiority to high-risk surgery can be used in the randomized clinical trials. With the improvements of screening standards, as well as implantation techniques and post-procedural intensive care, it will lead to less complication. This procedure is a new procedure specifically developed to treat the life threatening condition of severe aortic stenosis (AS). The trans arterial valve implantation can be used to treat the heart-valve failure under local anesthetic, without the need for a more invasive open chest procedure. This procedure requires a small incision in the thigh into which a catheter is inserted. You have to find the best heart center that can offer the treatment of a wide range of cardiac and vascular problems. Before the treatment, the patient with the trans arterial valve diseases need to undergo the some screening procedures such as an Electrocardiogram (ECG) that is a recording of the heart's electrical activity and assesses the rate, rhythm, and possible cardiac enlargements. What is more, the trans arterial valve implantation requires ECG to detect underlying coronary artery disease. Trans-thoracic Echocardiogram (TTE) and Chest X-ray as well as Cardiac Calcium Scoring are important for those patients with this kind of the heart diseases. This transplantation can be done through a 5 cm short left anterolateral minithoracotomy at about the midclavicular line in the fifth or sixth intercostal space. It is an alternative minimally invasive treatment with a good result using a retrograde transfemoral approach or an antegrade transapical approach. Therefore, the patients like to choose it.
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