Pumps are primarily meant for moving fluid from one particular place to another. Sump pumps, on the other hand, are electric devices used for extracting water from the sump. In many buildings, sump pumps are installed to avoid flooding at certain times of the year, especially in basements built below the level of water table. These electric devices collect excess water and pump it outside and thus keep the room damp free. If you are planning to buy a sump pump then read sump pump buying guide below.
One of the most important points that need to be considered while buying best sump pump is the horsepower (HP). You need to make sure that the engine is powerful enough to keep up with the inflow. On an average, a 400W motor is considered as ideal. Consider an automatic pump that comes with a floating valve that starts the engine automatically when the water level rises to a certain level. This automatic engine ensures that whenever water level rises, it will automatically remove excess water from the sump.
A sump pump's capacity depends on the amount of water it moves. Pump capacity is calculated on the basis of the amount of water removed per hour. For example, a 1/2HP pump can easily raise water up to 25 feet vertically and will be able to move between 2000 and 3000 gallons of water per hour, which is quite sufficient for most situations. Besides, there are other important points that should also be taken into consideration. Ideally, the sump pump should have a one-way valve to prevent water from backing up.
There are various types of pumps available on the market such as pedestal sump pumps, submerged sump pumps, and portable sump pumps. Pedestal sump pumps are considered as permanent, tough, and reliable in nature. The motor rests on a pedestal, which is fixed to the bottom of the sump pit. The pump comes with a floating ball valve
and operates automatically. Pedestal pumps are quite affordable, and therefore, most commonly used. Submerged pumps, on the other hand, are fixed to the bottom of the sump pit and suck water through the body of the motor. Submerged pumps are ideal if space is the main constraint. These pumps are more capable than pedestal pumps, but a bit costly.
Portable sump pump are one of the most economical choices among all. However, these pumps are not suitable for removing water beyond a certain height, and do not work as efficiently as pedestal and submerged pumps. Besides, these pumps are not always fitted with a valve and therefore, you will need to switch off the machine before the sump empties.
Sump pumps are crucial for any basement that is vulnerable to flooding. However, there are several factors that determine the type of pump one exactly needs; for example, the rate of flooding, volume of water and the space. If you are not sure about it then consult the local supplier to get more idea about the same.
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